What Is A Diabetic Diet Plan
A diabetic diet plan can help you control blood sugar and improve activity levels. While diet and activity are essential to weight loss but you shouldnt be watching your weight excessively. A small increase in weight might be apparent at first, but it will ease and become stable with time. A healthy diet can aid or deter the development the development of resistance to insulin. Listed below are some suggestions for a diabetic diet plan.
Limit the number of carbohydrates that you consume at 60 grams or less per meal. Use the exchange list to compare the different types of carbohydrates in food. Additionally, its essential to cut down on the amount of fat you eat. In general, you should try at eating foods which are rich in fiber as well as low in amounts of sugar. Apart from fruits and vegetables and other food groups, you should comprise lean protein, healthy fats and non-starchy veggies.
Choose The Right Types Of Fat
Fat gives you energy and helps you use some of the vitamins in your food. You need some fat in your eating plan to stay healthy. Too much fat can lead to weight gain and heart disease. Limit fat in your meal plan, and choose healthier fats when you can, such as olive oil.
Choosing the right types of fat is also part of a heart-healthy eating plan called DASH.
How Can I Slow The Damage To My Kidneys
Damage to your kidneys cannot be reversed, but you can keep it from getting worse. By following your treatment plan and making healthy life changes, you can help keep your kidneys working for as long as possible.
Take these steps to slow the damage to your kidneys:
- Work with your doctor to manage diabetes and high blood pressure.
- Take all of your prescription medicines as your doctor tells you.
- Have visits with a kidney doctor to check your blood levels and overall health.
- Follow a kidney-friendly eating plan. A dietitian can help you make a plan that works for you.
- Be active for 30 minutes most days of the week.
- Drink less alcohol. The healthy guidelines for drinking alcohol are:
- For men: No more than two drinks per day
- For women: No more than one drink per day
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How Is Mcd Treated
There are currently no FDA-approved medicines to treat MCD. The standard first-line treatment for MCD is prednisone, a corticosteroid aimed at decreasing proteinuria.
The short-term goal of treatment is to stop protein spillage completely or lower the amount of protein lost in the urine as much as possible. The less protein lost in the urine, the better the patient will do. The long-term goals of treatment include preventing relapses of protein in the urine and preventing the deterioration of kidney function.
Your nephrologist may also recommend:
- Medications that suppress your immune system
- Diuretics and a low-salt diet to help control edema
- A medication that blocks a hormone system called the renin angiotensin system to control blood pressure or lower urine protein
- Anticoagulants to prevent blood clots
- Statins to lower the cholesterol level
- Maintaining a healthy diet and regulating protein and fluid intake according to your nephrologist’s recommendations. A healthy diet consists of low-sodium foods with an emphasis on fruits and vegetables that are low in saturated fat and cholesterol.
Diet And Kidney Disease
In addition to filtering water and waste, your kidneys also work to keep the right balance of minerals and nutrients in your blood.
There is no “best” diet that fits everyone with kidney disease. However, it’s important to eat a low-sodium diet that includes:
For stages 1 and 2 kidney disease, you may have very few or no restrictions on what you eat or drink. The DASH diet is commonly recommended to people with early stages of kidney disease.
The DASH diet is low in sodium, added sugar, saturated fat, and red meat, which most people with stage 1 or 2 kidney disease should avoid. Some people may be instructed to limit protein intake as well.
A healthcare provider and dietitian will closely monitor your blood test results and guide you on which nutrients to limit. A dietitian will also keep track of your weight to help you stay within a healthy weight range and avoid loss of muscle mass.
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Eating Right For Chronic Kidney Disease
You may need to change what you eat to manage your chronic kidney disease . Work with a registered dietitian to develop a meal plan that includes foods that you enjoy eating while maintaining your kidney health.
The steps below will help you eat right as you manage your kidney disease. The first three steps are important for all people with kidney disease. The last two steps may become important as your kidney function goes down.
Will I Get Enough Vitamins On A Kidney
Your doctor or dietitian can help you find vitamins that are right for you. To help you get the right amounts of vitamins and minerals, your dietitian may suggest you take:
- A special supplement made for people with kidney disease
- A special kind of vitamin D, folic acid or iron pill, to help prevent some common side effects of kidney disease, such as bone disease and anemia
Regular multi-vitamins may not be healthy for you if you have kidney disease. They may have too much of some vitamins and not enough of others.
Tell your doctor and dietitian about any vitamins, supplements or over-the-counter medicines you are taking. Some can cause more damage to your kidneys or cause other health problems.
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You’ve Got A Meal Plan Now But
This is actually only Day 1 of a 3-day meal plan that is available to you now for free.
The RenalTracker 3-Day Meal Plan guidebook includes 2 more sets of dietitian-created, planned meals that you can implement in your renal diet for the next 2 days. Thats 3 days of breakfast, lunch, snacks, and dinner planned out for you, for free.
It also includes nutrient analysis charts, specifically for sodium, protein, potassium, and phosphorus . They’ll show how much SPPP you’ll take for the entire day when you follow these meal plans.
Plus, this renal diet meal plan is in PDF, which is an easy-to-print format for documents.
Just click below to learn how to get your FREE eBook:
Kidney Diet Menu: Day 2
- Jam or jelly, margarine or butter
- Pineapple juice
- Lemon-lime soda
Day 3 tips
- Include the eggs if you need a higher protein breakfast. Use low-cholesterol eggs or egg whites only if you are concerned about cholesterol. Egg whites are very low in phosphorus.
- If you have time, make the lemon curry chicken salad the evening before so flavors can blend together.
- Look for fresh cod or any comparable white fish on sale this week. You can also use frozen cod, sole or halibut.
- The basic salad dressing recipe has only one milligram of sodium for two tablespoons, compared to 250 to 400 mg for commercially prepared salad dressing. It will keep for several weeks in the refrigerator.
- To jazz up steamed rice, add your favorite low-sodium herb seasoning blend. Make extra rice for a kidney-friendly fried rice dish later in the week.
Springtime snack choices
When you have a hankering for something in between mealtimes, reach for a healthy and kidney-friendly snack to hold you over.
- Chilled or frozen grapes
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Can I Get Help To Create A Kidney
Ask your doctor to refer you to a dietitian . The dietitian will help you create a kidney-friendly eating plan that includes the foods you enjoy.
You can talk to a dietitian about the foods you enjoy or any special requirements you have and they will help you create a kidney-friendly eating plan that is right for you. Remember, even diets that may offer health benefits to some people are not always safe for people with kidney disease. Always talk to a dietitian before increasing or decreasing your daily intake of certain foods or nutrients. A dietitian is the best person to help you create a meal plan that protects your kidneys and keeps you as healthy as possible.
Medicare and many private insurance plans pay for a certain number of visits with a dietitian each year. Call your insurance company to ask if your plan covers medical nutrition therapy with a dietitian. MNT is an approach to treat kidney disease through a tailored nutrition plan. As part of MNT, a dietitian will review your current eating habits, create a healthy eating plan that includes your preferences and help you overcome eating challenges.
Renal Diet: Restrictions Foods To Eat And Sample Menu
Renal or chronic kidney disease is a progressive and gradual decline in kidney function.
With chronic kidney disease, your kidneys cant effectively filter blood to remove waste and extra fluid and perform other functions to keep you healthy.
Fortunately, with the right diet, you can minimize kidney damage and slow kidney disease progression.
This article provides a list of foods to eat and limit on a renal diet and includes a sample renal diet menu.
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Limit Phosphorus And Calcium
You need these minerals to keep your bones healthy and strong. When your kidneys are healthy, they remove the phosphorus you donât need. But if you have CKD, your phosphorus levels can get too high. This puts you at risk for heart disease. Whatâs more, your calcium levels begin to drop. To make up for it, your body pulls it from your bones. This can make them weak and easier to break.
If you have late-stage CKD, your doctor may advise you to get no more than 1,000 milligrams of phosphorus mineral each day. You can do this by:
- Choosing foods with low levels of phosphorus
- Eating more fresh fruits and veggies
- Choosing corn and rice cereals
- Drinking light-colored sodas
- Cutting back on meat, poultry, and fish
- Limiting dairy and processed foods
Foods that are high in calcium also tend to be high in phosphorus. The doctor might suggest you cut back on calcium-rich foods. Dairy foods that are lower in phosphorus include:
The doctor might also tell you to stop taking over-the-counter calcium supplements and suggest a phosphorus binder, a medicine that controls your phosphorus levels.
Simple Summer Menu: Day 3
- Lime-flavored sparkling water
Day 3 tips:
- When recipes such as Stuffed French Toast make more than you need, consider making only half a recipe or freeze extras for a quick meal later.
- Small amounts of vine-ripened tomato wont jolt your potassium intake if youre careful with how much you eat. Stick to a 1/4-inch slice on sandwiches or two to three cherry tomatoes on salad.
- Slushy beverages are thirst-quenching and last longer. Limit the amount you drink with meals and use the rest when taking pills between meals or at bedtime.
- Corn has more phosphorus compared to other vegetables, but its not off limits. Just watch your portion size and how often you eat itespecially that tempting sweet summer corn.
- Many nondairy creamers and other milk substitutes contain phosphate additives, and the amount varies greatly by brand or even within a brand. Rely on your dietitians recommendation to select brands lowest in phosphorus.
- Its easier to limit your sodium intake when you make meals from fresh foods at home and limit processed foods in cooking. Checking labels for sodium and sticking to lower sodium products will help keep sodium in check.
Kidney-friendly summer snacks
Food is like fuel, so you cant run on an empty tank. Thats where snacks come in to hold you over until mealtime. Try these delicious choices that are filling and tasty.
- Carrot and celery sticks
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Eat The Right Amount And The Right Types Of Protein
Having too little protein can cause your skin, hair and nails to be weak. But having too much protein can make your kidneys work harder and cause more damage. This happens because when your body uses protein, it makes waste products that your kidneys have to filter. To stay healthy and help you feel your best, you may need to adjust how much protein you eat.
The amount of protein you should eat depends on your body size, activity level and health. Your doctor or dietitian may have you limit protein or change the type of protein you eat. For example, you may need to eat more lean proteins, which are foods that are high in protein and low in fat, such as whole eggs and skinless chicken and turkey.
Ask your doctor or dietitian how much protein you should eat and what the best types of protein are for you.
Will My Eating Plan Be Different If I Have Diabetes
If you have diabetes, you need to control your blood sugar to prevent more damage to your kidneys. Your doctor and dietitian can help you create an eating plan that helps you control your blood sugar, while also limiting sodium, phosphorus, potassium and fluids.
You can also ask your doctor to refer you to a diabetes educator who can work with you to better manage your diabetes.
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Foods To Limit With Kidney Disease
Depending on the amount of kidney function you have left, you may need to limit or avoid certain foods. Everyone with kidney disease should avoid high-sodium foods. Depending on your blood test, a healthcare provider may also instruct you to limit foods high in potassium and phosphorus.
Foods high in sodium:
- Ham, bacon, sausage, or lunch meat
- 1 slice angel food cake
- Water, apple juice, or other kidney-friendly beverage
Diet Tips For Kidney Health
A kidney-friendly diet should limit sodium, cholesterol, and fat and instead focus on fruits, vegetables, whole grains, low-fat dairy, and lean meats , says Maruschak. People who have already been diagnosed with CKD may also need to limit certain other nutrients, she adds.
Here are a few ways to tweak your diet to maintain kidney health.
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How Do Doctors Treat Ckd
Doctors can treat some of the symptoms and health problems CKD causes. For example, your treatment plan may include:
- Certain medicines to lower your blood pressure or cholesterol
- Diuretics to help your kidneys get rid of salt and water and lower swelling
- Dialysis: A treatment that uses a machine to clean your blood when your kidneys are no longer able to.
- Kidney transplant: A surgery to give you a healthy kidney from someone else’s body. A kidney transplant may be an option for you when your kidneys have failed.
Where Should You Start Your Diabetic Diet
Many people who are brand new with diabetes may not know where to begin an appropriate diabetic diet. It can be overwhelming, and it helps to start with a small amount. Instead of drinking sweet drinks, stick with water. Also, try to cook more at home. Start with nonstarchy vegetables and fruits. After that, add lean protein and whole grains to your diet. Once youve grasped the basics of eating a healthier diet and healthier, you can start to branch out.
If you want to try an ethnic dining establishment, stick to dishes that are packed with vegetables and few refined carbohydrates. You can eat rice however, make sure you only have a cup per meal. So youll consume healthily food items that dont contribute to the level of blood sugar. Instead of cutting out entire foods altogether, try to reduce the effect of each. When you are selecting food, look for lower-fat versions of all types.
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Choose And Prepare Foods With Less Sodium
Sodium is a mineral found in almost all foods. It has many important roles in the way your body works. The amount of sodium found naturally in foods is enough to keep a healthy level in your body. But eating packaged foods and adding salt to foods can lead to eating too much sodium.
Too much sodium can make you thirsty and make your body hold onto water, which can lead to swelling and raise your blood pressure. This can damage your kidneys more and make your heart work harder.
One of the best things you can do is to limit how much sodium you eat. A general rule is to have less than 2,300 milligrams of sodium each day. Here are some tips to limit sodium:
- Use herbs and spices for flavor while cooking. Do not add salt to your food when cooking or eating.
- Choose fresh or frozen vegetables instead of canned vegetables. If you use canned vegetables, drain and rinse them to remove extra salt.
- When eating out, ask your server to have the chef not add salt to your dish.
Work with your dietitian to find foods that are low in sodium.
How Can I Prevent Ckd
If you have diabetes or high blood pressure, the best way to prevent CKD is to work with your doctor to control your blood sugar and blood pressure. Diabetes and high blood pressure are the two most common causes of CKD.
Other ways to help protect your kidneys are to:
- Make healthy choices, such as eating healthy foods and being active.
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