Risks And Side Effects
Remember that a number of factors influence the best type of kidney diet that someone can follow, including: the stage of their renal disease, type of treatmentthey are on, and presence of other medical conditions.
Even though a healthy diet that is similar to the DASH diet or Mediterranean diet has been slow the progression of kidney disease and other diseases like heart disease too, some patients will still need to follow a special diet that is more restrictive. To be safe, always speak with your doctor before changing your diet, especially if you have chronic kidney disease. The DASH diet and Mediterranean diet are not intended for people on dialysis, who should work with a dietician to make sure they are managing their nutrient intake carefully.
Signs And Symptoms Of Kidney Issues
What is renal failure , and what are some symptoms that someone might be experiencing it? Kidney failure occurs when the kidneys stop working well enough to keep someone alive. This condition is characterized as sudden loss of the ability of the kidneys to excrete wastes, concentrate urine, conserve electrolytes and maintain fluid balance.
Acute kidney injury is the term commonly used to describe patients whose kidneys suddenly stop functioning as they normally should. Chronic kidney disease, also called chronic kidney failure, describes the gradual loss of normal/healthy kidney function.
Some patients with kidney issues or even kidney disease wont experience any obvious symptoms. However, if sudden failure of the kidneys occurs, this quickly becomes an emergency situation as symptoms tend to progress quickly.
Kidney disease symptoms tend to worsen with time and can begin with:
- Nausea, vomiting and loss of appetite
- Fatigue and weakness
- High blood pressure
Kidney failure symptoms normally include:
What increases someones risk for kidney issues? Risk factors for experiencing kidney disease/kidney failure include:
What Foods Are Bad For Kidneys
Someone with kidney disease may have a buildup of waste products in their blood. A doctor may recommend that individuals change what they eat to help manage the condition and support kidney function.
The kidneys are a pair of essential organs situated on either side of the spine at the bottom of the rib cage.
They perform many crucial functions for health, including filtering waste products and excess fluid from the body and removing it through urine.
The kidneys also play a critical role in regulating the bodys mineral balance, and they produce a hormone that stimulates red blood cell production.
Kidney disease means that the kidneys are damaged and do not function properly. Poorly controlled diabetes can also
include age, high blood pressure, heart disease, alcohol use disorder, and carrying the hepatitis C virus. A recent study also found that African American people are about five times more likely to develop end stage kidney disease than white people.
When a person has kidney disease, they may have excess waste products in their blood. A doctor may suggest a change in diet to help manage the condition and support kidney function.
This article looks at which foods to avoid or limit with kidney disease. It also provides an overview of the renal, or kidney-friendly, diet.
Typically, a specialist kidney dietitian will work with people with kidney disease to tailor a diet to their needs.
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What Do I Need To Know About Phosphorus
Too much phosphorus in your blood pulls calcium from your bones. Losing calcium may make your bones weak and likely to break. Also, too much phosphorus may make your skin itch. Limiting phosphorus can be hard because foods that contain phosphorus, such as meat and milk, also contain the protein you need. You should be careful to eat enough protein however, not so much that you get too much phosphorus. Processed and packaged foods contain especially high levels of phosphorus. You can also find phosphorus naturally in foods such as poultry, fish, nuts, peanut butter, beans, cola, tea, and dairy products. Usually, people on hemodialysis should only have a 1/2 cup of milk per day. Your renal dietitian will give you more specific information about phosphorus.
You may need to take a phosphate binder such as sevelamer , calcium acetate , lanthanum carbonate , or calcium carbonate to control the phosphorus in your blood between hemodialysis sessions. These medicines act like plastic bags with zip tops. The phosphorus binder seals the phosphorus from food and moves it out through stool so the phosphorous does not enter the bloodstream.
What Do I Need To Know About Protein
Renal dietitians encourage most people on hemodialysis to eat high-quality protein because it produces less waste for removal during dialysis. High-quality protein comes from meat, poultry, fish, and eggs. Avoid processed meats such as hot dogs and canned chili, which have high amounts of sodium and phosphorus.
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What Should I Know About Sodium And Salt If I Follow A Renal Diet
Sodium is a mineral found in salt . Its widely used to prepare foods.
Salt is one of the most commonly used seasonings. Itll take time for you to get used to reducing the salt in your diet. However, reducing salt/sodium is an important tool in controlling your kidney disease.
Here are some suggestions.
Other Foods To Avoid For Healthy Kidneys
You should also avoid soda, processed deli meats, butter, mayonnaise, and frozen meals when on a renal diet. These foods do not provide nutritional benefits and tend to be high in calories, sugar, and salt, which are all hazardous to the kidneys.
Here are also some prevention tips to keep in mind:
- Pay attention to over-the-counter medications and follow the directions. Taking too many medications can increase the risk of kidney failure.
- Work closely with your doctor to manage kidney problems.
- Try to adhere to a healthy lifestyle as much as possible.
Natural remedies to manage kidney failure include eating a healthy diet, exercising regularly, not smoking, maintaining a healthy weight, reducing stress, and reducing your intake of alcohol.
Essentially, living a healthy lifestyle can benefit your overall health kidneys included.
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Check Food Labels Before You Put It In Your Cart
If you opt for canned and frozen foods you want to choose ones that are low in sodium, phosphorus, and sugar. You will also need to know how much is contained in food items.
Nutrition labels have information on protein, potassium, and sodium listed in plain sight so you know if you will be getting too much of that nutrient.
What Is A Renal Diet
A renal diet supports healthy kidney function for those with kidney disease. Your kidneys are bean-shaped organs below your ribcage, on either side of your spine. They perform essential functions like:
- Filtering your blood.
- Removing waste through your urine.
- Maintaining fluid balance in your body.
With kidney disease, your kidneys cant filter your blood the way they usually would. That allows too much sodium, potassium, phosphorus, and protein byproducts to build up in your blood. That can worsen your kidney damage and cause your body to hold on to too much fluid.
A renal diet is low in protein, sodium, potassium, and phosphorus. It protects your kidneys so they dont have to work so hard. It also helps manage fluid in your body so you dont hold on to too much fluid.
The specific amounts of protein, sodium, potassium, and phosphorus you can eat depend on the extent of your kidney disease. If you have advanced kidney disease, your doctor will tell you what and how much to limit.
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Reduce Your Potassium Intake
This mineral helps your nerves and muscles work properly. But when you have CKD, your body canât filter out extra potassium. When you have too much of it in your blood, it can lead to serious heart problems.
Potassium is found in a lot of fruits and veggies, like bananas, potatoes, avocados, oranges, cooked broccoli, raw carrots, greens , tomatoes, and melons. These foods can affect potassium levels in your blood. Your doctor will let you know if you need to limit this mineral in your diet. If so, they may recommend you try low-potassium foods, like:
- Apples and apple juice
As your CKD gets worse, you may need to make other changes to your diet. This might involve cutting back on foods that are high in protein, especially animal protein. These include meats, seafood, and dairy products. You may also need extra iron. Talk to your doctor about which iron-rich foods you can eat when you have CKD.
The Power Of A Chronic Kidney Disease Diet Grocery List
Bringing a grocery list with you to the store will keep you on track while shopping and empower you to lead a kidney-friendly lifestyle. Plus, youll be able to:
- Plan your favorite meals. You dont have to sacrifice your favorite dishes because you are living with CKD. However, it is important to pay attention to the ingredients these meals include. For instance, if your old go-to recipe includes salt, replace it with flavorful spices like cumin or lemon zest.
- Avoid impulse purchases. Shopping with a grocery list keeps you more focused than you would be if you didnt have one. A list of fresh fruits, vegetables, and proteins will also keep you out of the aisles with processed foods.
- Save money. Not having a plan when youre shopping can be costly, but a grocery list helps keep spending down. When you know what you need before you shop, youll avoid buying too many ingredients or unhealthy items.
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Talk With Your Renal Dietitian
Even though you are on hemodialysis, your kidneys may still remove some fluid. Or, your kidneys may not remove any fluid at all. Work with your renal dietitian to set a goal for how much liquid you can have each day. Keep track of the liquids you drink and other foods you eat.
I can have a total of _____ ounces of liquid each day.
I can have _____ ounces of ______________ with breakfast.
I can have _____ ounces of ______________ in the morning.
I can have _____ ounces of ______________ with lunch.
I can have _____ ounces of ______________ in the afternoon.
I can have _____ ounces of ______________ with supper.
I can have _____ ounces of ______________ in the evening.
TOTAL: _______ ounces. This number should equal the goal that you set with your renal dietitian.
Packaged Instant And Premade Meals
Processed foods can be a major component of sodium in the diet.
Among these foods, packaged, instant, and premade meals are usually the most heavily processed and thus contain the most sodium.
Examples include frozen pizza, microwaveable meals, and instant noodles.
Keeping sodium intake to 2,300 mg per day may be difficult if youre eating highly processed foods regularly.
Heavily processed foods not only contain a large amount of sodium but also commonly lack nutrients .
Packaged, instant, and premade meals are highly processed items that can contain very large amounts of sodium and lack nutrients. Its best to limit these foods on a renal diet.
Swiss chard, spinach, and beet greens are leafy green vegetables that contain high amounts of various nutrients and minerals, including potassium.
When served raw, the amount of potassium varies between 140290 mg per cup .
While leafy vegetables shrink to a smaller serving size when cooked, the potassium content remains the same.
For example, one-half cup of raw spinach will shrink to about 1 tablespoon when cooked. Thus, eating one-half cup of cooked spinach will contain a much higher amount of potassium than one-half cup of raw spinach.
Raw Swiss chard, spinach, and beet greens are preferable to cooked greens to avoid too much potassium.
However, moderate your intake of these foods, as theyre also high in oxalates. Among sensitive individuals, oxalates can increase the risk of kidney stones (
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Kidney Disease And Diet
For persons with advanced kidney disease, its vital to stick to a kidney-friendly diet that helps decrease the amount of waste in the bloodstream.
This diet is known as the renal diet, and it helps enhance kidney function while preventing further harm.
Its widely suggested that all persons with kidney disease limit the following nutrients:
Phosphorus: Damaged kidneys cant expel excess phosphorus, a mineral present in many foods.
High phosphorus levels can cause harm to bodies therefore, phosphorus is limited to less than 800-1000 milligrams per day.
Potassium: Potassium plays several significant roles in the body, but those with kidney disease need to restrict potassium to avoid severely high blood levels.
Its usually suggested to limit potassium to less than 2,000 milligrams per day.
Sodium: Sodium is found in a couple of foods, and its a major constituent of table salt.
Damaged kidneys cant remove excess sodium, causing their blood levels to climb. So its often recommended to restrict sodium to less than 2,000 milligrams per day.
Choose Whole Grain Carbohydrates
Eating too many carbs can lead to weight gain. When you have kidney disease, it is best to choose whole grains and healthy carbs such as fruits and vegetables. Unhealthy carbs include sugar, honey, hard candies, soft drinks and other sugary drinks.
If you have diabetes, you may also need to carefully track how many carbs you take in. Your dietitian can help you learn more about the carbs in your eating plan and how they affect your blood sugar.
The ketogenic diet or “keto diet” is a type of low-carb diet that focuses on eating very low carbs, high fats and moderate protein amounts, so your body uses stored fat for energy instead of carbs. This diet may not be a healthy option for you because it limits your options, and you may miss out on some key nutrients. If you have questions about a specific diet, ask your dietitian.
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A Renal Diet Grocery List Is Important For Good Nutrition
It is important to know that things you eat and drink can affect your kidney disease. A poor diet can result in elevated blood pressure. Consuming too many calories results in weight gain. These conditions can worsen existing chronic kidney disease.
Following a healthy kidney diet will help to prevent further damage. This can be done with the help of a renal diet grocery list. It provides a guide on what foods to add to the diet.
Renal Diet Grocery List: A Comprehensive Guide + Free Download
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With all the restrictions in kidney disease do you feel left with nothing to eat? When you go to the food store are you left staring at a blank grocery list? Dont fret! There are foods you can eat that will keep your kidney health in check. Learn how to get the most out of your next shopping trip with a renal diet grocery list. This is the best grocery list for helping to find foods that will be good for the health of your kidneys. Read on to learn what to incorporate into your renal diet foods list.
This is just a guide and should not replace the advice of your healthcare professional. It is best to speak with your renal dietitian to get a specialized renal diet grocery list that is tailored to your individual needs.
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Foods To Limit With Kidney Disease
Depending on the amount of kidney function you have left, you may need to limit or avoid certain foods. Everyone with kidney disease should avoid high-sodium foods. Depending on your blood test, a healthcare provider may also instruct you to limit foods high in potassium and phosphorus.
Foods high in sodium:
- Ham, bacon, sausage, or lunch meat
- 1 slice angel food cake
- Water, apple juice, or other kidney-friendly beverage
Foods To Avoid For Kidney Health
If you have kidney disease, youll need to control the amount of sodium, potassium and phosphorus you have in your diet. Everyones bodies handle food differently, so youll want to discuss your specific and individual diet needs with your healthcare provider or the registered dietitian at your dialysis center. In the meantime, here are some general tips to follow for a renal diet.
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Can I Get Help To Create A Kidney
Ask your doctor to refer you to a dietitian . The dietitian will help you create a kidney-friendly eating plan that includes the foods you enjoy.
You can talk to a dietitian about the foods you enjoy or any special requirements you have and they will help you create a kidney-friendly eating plan that is right for you. Remember, even diets that may offer health benefits to some people are not always safe for people with kidney disease. Always talk to a dietitian before increasing or decreasing your daily intake of certain foods or nutrients. A dietitian is the best person to help you create a meal plan that protects your kidneys and keeps you as healthy as possible.
Medicare and many private insurance plans pay for a certain number of visits with a dietitian each year. Call your insurance company to ask if your plan covers medical nutrition therapy with a dietitian. MNT is an approach to treat kidney disease through a tailored nutrition plan. As part of MNT, a dietitian will review your current eating habits, create a healthy eating plan that includes your preferences and help you overcome eating challenges.