Best Diet For Type 2 Diabetes
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Diabetes Can Be Managed With Proper Care
Irrespective of the differences between Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes, all individuals with diabetes must follow up closely with their primary care provider. Diabetes is not a benign illness and can result in devastating complications that can result in loss of vision, kidneys, limbs, heart attacks, stroke, and even premature death if not treated appropriately. The key is to take steps to maintain healthy blood sugar levels every day.
Cano Health has been specializing in Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes care managementfor years and knows exactly how to apply that to senior care as well. Contact us today for more information about how to better live with the disease and manage it so you can live well.
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Could Reducing Carbohydrate Intake Play A Role In The Pathogenesis Of Type 1 Diabetes
A normal gut homeostasis is the consequence of a fine-tuned balance between intestinal microbiota, gut permeability and mucosal immunity . In this complex interplay, the alteration of one or more of these factors may contribute to the development and progression of inflammation or autoimmunity, that may result in diseases such as T1D or multiple sclerosis . Gut microbiota plays a key role in gut homeostasis, and for this reason it is currently being so intensively investigated. Clostridia are mainly butyrate-producing and mucin-degrading bacteria, with immunomodulating properties, and are generally associated with a normal gut homeostasis . De Goffau et al. observed that -cell autoimmunity is associated with a reduction in lactate-producing and butyrate-producing species, with an increased abundance of the Bacteroides genus. This finding agrees with what reported by Endesfelder et al., who suggested a protective role of butyrate in the development of anti-islet autoimmunity and onset of T1D furthermore, a reduced number of Clostridia was also observed in long-standing T1D patients .
It is known that diet influences gut microbiome and that an acute change in diet alters microbial composition within just 24 h, with reversion to baseline within 48 h of diet discontinuation . So how could a reduction in dietary carbohydrates, with a relative increase in fat or protein intake, affect gut microbiota and type 1 diabetes risk?
Other Forms Of Diabetes
In 1% to 5% of people who have diabetes, other conditions might be the cause. These include diseases of the pancreas, certain surgeries and medications, and infections. In these cases, your doctor might want to keep an eye on your blood sugar levels.
American Diabetes Association: Frequently Asked Questions about Pre-Diabetes,Type 2 Diabetes,The Dangerous Toll of Diabetes, tion: Gestational Diabetes,About Insulin and Other Drugs.
National Library of Medicine: Diabetes.
National Diabetes Education Project: About Diabetes and Pre-Diabetes.
National Diabetes Information Clearinghouse : National Diabetes Statistics, 2011.
Merck Manual Consumer Version: âDiabetes Mellitus .â
CDC: âAbout Diabetes,â âPrediabetes: Your Chance to Prevent Type 2 Diabetes.â
World Journal of Diabetes: âType 2 diabetes mellitus in children and adolescents.â
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What’s The Difference Between Type 1 And Type 2 Diabetes
Most people know there are two types of diabetes, but not everyone understands the difference between them. In both type 1 and type 2 diabetes, blood sugar levels can get too high because the body doesnt produce insulin or it does not utilize insulin properly. Though the problem is essentially the same in both types, they have different causes and treatments. Heres what you need to know.
Risk Factors For Type 1 Diabetes Include:
You may be at risk of type 1 diabetes if you have an immediate family member with type 1 diabetes. This risk is higher if your father has type 1 diabetes.
Type 1 diabetes is most common in children and young adults, though it can occur at any age.
Certain gene types can increase your risk of type 1 diabetes by 3050%.
If you carry certain high-risk genes, enterovirus infection, rapid weight gain in early life, and the balance of bacteria in the gut have been shown to increase your risk for developing type 1 diabetes.
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Type 2 Diabetes Prevention
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What Causes Type 1 Diabetes And How Is It Different From Type 2 Diabetes
The cause of type 1 diabetes is still unknown. Experts believe type 1 diabetes is the combination of a genetic predisposition from a parent or/and an environmental factor associated with a viral infection that activates the disease.
If you have type 1 diabetes, you most likely have an autoimmune disease where the immune system does not function smoothly. In a person with type 1 diabetes, the immune system will attack the bodys healthy pancreas cells, and it will no longer produce insulin to regulate blood sugar.
The cause of type 2 diabetes is different. Experts believe there are two factors at play. First, is insulin resistance, when your body doesnt respond well to insulin. Second, is insulin deficiency, when your body doesnt make enough insulin or process insulin well.
Some risk factors for type 2 diabetes include weight gain, a poor diet, and lack of physical exercise. Carry extra weight raises your risk of diabetes, heart disease, and stroke, according to the American Diabetes Association . The ADA refers to it as: Extra Weight, Extra Risk.
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Prediabetes Weight Loss: Can It Help
If you have prediabetes, you are at risk of developing type 2 diabetes because prediabetes means that your blood sugar levels are higher than normal but not high enough to be classified as type 2 diabetes. Fortunately, prediabetes can often be treated with weight loss. In this article, we will explore the relationship between prediabetes and weight loss and find out if losing weight is an effective treatment for prediabetes. We will also cover all other treatment options available to you if you have prediabetes and what causes it.
Type 2 Diabetes And Insulin Injections
People with type 2 diabetes may need to take insulin injections, usually for one of two main reasons:
- Low sensitivity to insulin: The more excess body weight we carry, the less sensitive we are to insulin Being insensitive to insulin means insulin doesnt reduce blood glucose levels as much as it should. People with low insulin sensitivity often need to be injected with insulin to avoid hyperglycemia
- Beta cell failure: If you develop insulin resistance, you need more of it to keep your blood glucose levels stable. More insulin production means more work for the pancreas. Over time, the beta cells can become burnt out by the constant strain, and stop producing insulin altogether. Eventually, you can get to a similar situation as someone with type 1 diabetes, in which your body is incapable of producing the amount of insulin you need to keep blood glucose levels under control. Insulin injections are necessary in these situations
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Can Either Type Of Diabetes Be Prevented
There is no known way to prevent type 1 diabetes, and for some people, it might not be possible to prevent the development of type 2. For others, maintaining a healthy weight, getting regular exercise, and a healthy, balanced diet may help prevent or delay the onset of type 2 diabetes and thus preserve health.
How To Treat Type 2 Diabetes:
Unlike type 1, people with type 2 diabetes often do not need to take insulin, because their bodies still produce a small amount of it. Though there are medications like Metformin available to assist in lowering blood sugar, the primary ways to treat type 2 diabetes are:
- A balanced diet. Eating fruits and vegetables, whole grains and lean proteins while avoiding more than the occasional high-fat, high-sugar food is the first and most essential step to treating type 2 diabetes.
- Exercise. Staying active is also very important. There are so many ways to get exercise. Try different activities to find a type of exercise you enjoy and work it into your weekly routine.
- Weight loss. Of course, if you work toward eating healthier and exercising, this may be a byproduct. Losing weight is less about the number on the scale and more about taking care of your body and reducing the strain on your pancreas.
- Blood glucose monitoring. Checking your blood sugar regularly will become a part of your daily routine. Its important to stay up-to-date on how your levels are doing throughout the day and adjust your food and activities accordingly. After a while youll figure out the regimen and balance that works best for you.
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Are The Complications Of Both Types Of Diabetes The Same
- Severely elevated blood sugar levels due to an actual lack of insulin or insufficient action of insulin. This leads to conditions called diabetic ketoacidosis or hyperosmolar coma, which can be life-threatening.
- Abnormally low blood sugar levels due to too much insulin or other glucose-lowering medications.
Long-term complications of either type are related to damage to blood vessels. These complications generally are referred to as small vessel disease, involving the eyes, kidneys, and nerves, and large vessel disease, involving the heart and blood vessels. For example, diabetic neuropathy refers to damage to the nerves that can cause numbness and tingling, among other symptoms. Any type of diabetes accelerates blood vessel damage due to hardening of the arteries , leading to coronary heart disease , strokes, and pain in the lower extremities because of lack of blood supply .
Diabetic Nerve Pain In Ankle Feet And Legs
Diabetic neuropathy is a condition that results from damage to the nerves due to high blood sugar levels and nerve damage can cause a wide range of symptoms including pain, numbness, tingling, burning sensations, and weakness. In some cases, diabetic neuropathy can lead to serious complications such as diabetic foot ulcers.
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Does Gabapentin Cause Weight Gain Learn More About The Side Effects
Gabapentin is a prescription drug that is used to treat various medical conditions such as seizures, restless legs syndrome, and nerve pain and it belongs to a class of anticonvulsant medication. Gabapentin works by decreasing the number of seizures you have, relieving pain, and improving your sleep among several other benefits. If you take gabapentin you also may experience weight gain as a side effect. In this article, we will discuss how gabapentin causes weight gain, how to stop it, and other potential risks associated with taking this medication.
How Is Type 2 Diabetes Managed
Theres no cure for Type 2 diabetes. But you can manage the condition by maintaining a healthy lifestyle and taking medication if needed. Work with your healthcare provider to manage your:
- Blood sugar: A blood glucose meter or continuous glucose monitoring can help you meet your blood sugar target. Your healthcare provider may also recommend regular A1c tests, oral medications , insulin therapy or injectable non-insulin diabetes medications.
- Blood pressure: Lower your blood pressure by not smoking, exercising regularly and eating a healthy diet. Your healthcare provider may recommend blood pressure medication such as beta blockers or ACE inhibitors.
- Cholesterol: Follow a meal plan low in saturated fats, trans fat, salt and sugar. Your healthcare provider may recommend statins, which are a type of drug to lower cholesterol.
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Take Care Of Yourself
Taking good care of yourself can reduce diabetes stress and help you cope with your condition. Make sure that you stick to your diabetes treatment plan. Eat well, exercise, and learn how to monitor your blood sugar levels. Getting enough sleep each night and taking time to relax and enjoy your life are also very important. Your brain and your body are connected, so youll have an easier time coping mentally and emotionally with your type 1 diabetes when you feel well physically.
Will I Need Medication Or Insulin For Type 2 Diabetes
Some people take medication to manage diabetes, along with diet and exercise. Your healthcare provider may recommend oral diabetes medications. These are pills or liquids that you take by mouth. For example, a medicine called metformin helps control the amount of glucose your liver produces.
You can also take insulin to help your body use sugar more efficiently. Insulin comes in the following forms:
- Injectable insulin is a shot you give yourself. Most people inject insulin into a fleshy part of their body such as their belly. Injectable insulin is available in a vial or an insulin pen.
- Inhaled insulin is inhaled through your mouth. It is only available in a rapid-acting form.
- Insulin pumps deliver insulin continuously, similar to how a healthy pancreas would. Pumps release insulin into your body through a tiny cannula . Pumps connect to a computerized device that lets you control the dose and frequency of insulin.
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What’s The Best Diet For Diabetes
There isn’t a specific diet or meal plan that works for everybody. Your health care provider may have you see a registered dietician or a diabetes educator who can help design the best eating plan for you. The plan will consider:
- Any medicines that you take
- Any other health conditions you have
- Your lifestyle and tastes
All eating plans for diabetes have a few things in common, including eating the right foods in the right amounts at the right times.
Diagnosing Type 1 Diabetes
To diagnose type 1 diabetes youll need to get blood tests done, one of which is called an A1C screening. A1C screenings measure your blood sugar levels from the past two to three months and can be used to diagnose type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes and prediabetes. Life Line Screening also offers an A1C screening from the privacy of you own home through our home tests. You can learn more here.
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Type 1 Diabetes Causes
- Family history of type 1 diabetes
- Childhood consumption of cows milk, often before 1 year of age
- Mycobacterium avium paratuberculosis in dairy and meat products
- Enterovirus infections
- A sedentary lifestyle
- Excess body weight
In essence, type 1 diabetes is a disease that manifests beyond your control, while type 2 diabetes is loosely determined by your genetics and largely determined by your lifestyle.
What Causes Type 1 And Type 2 Diabetes
The root cause of both types of diabetes is still unclear to researchers, although there are many theories. Injury to the pancreas or viral illnesses, including COVID-19, can trigger some cases of type 1 diabetes. In other cases, it isnt clear what causes the body to mount an autoimmune response where the body mistakenly attacks its own pancreas.
Exactly why the bodys stops functioning as it should in type 2 diabetes is currently unknown.
But we know a lot of the factors that can lead to that result, and some of them can be addressed by healthy lifestyle choices.
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Early Signs And Symptoms
Both type 1 and type 2 diabetes share common symptoms, such as:
Going to the toilet more frequently
Unexplained weight loss
Symptoms of type 1 diabetes can appear relatively quickly and, if left untreated, can lead to hospitalization and life-threatening complications.
Type 2 diabetes symptoms are easier to miss as they can develop without knowing until severe hyperglycemia symptoms occur. This is why it is crucial to know the early warning signs of diabetes, such as:
Cuts, bruises, or sores that take longer to heal
Numb hands or legs
Repeated infections on the skin, genital areas, or in the mouth
Are There Support Groups And Counseling For People With Diabetes
Consider joining a support group to share your experiences and learn from others. The American Diabetes Association, Hormone Health Network, and local chapters of Juvenile Diabetes Research Foundation International are excellent resources. Your health care team will have information about local groups in your area. The following groups also provide support:
American Association of Diabetes Educators100 W Monroe, Suite 400Chicago, IL 60603
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Type 2 Diabetes Risk Factors:
Your risk of developing type 2 diabetes is higher if your diet is high in carbs and fat but low in fiber, if youre not very physically active and/or if you have high blood pressure. High alcohol consumption and age are also risk factors. Though genes do play a role in the likelihood of developing type 2 diabetes, it can be prevented with the right lifestyle choices, unlike type 1.